The system was tested for three years on a road in Tasmania, an Australian state that experiences the highest rates of road kill in the world. Currently, wildlife corridors have been shown to be the most efficient in preventing road kill, but their construction is usually quite pricey. The fences, however, can easily be installed to cover large swathes of highway so that humans and animals can both be a little safer on the road.
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Inexpensive New ‘Virtual Fence’ Dramatically Reduces Rates of Road Kill in Australia
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There are three potential ways to change driver behavior.
Primary methods focus on changing driver attitude by increasing public awareness and helping people understand that reducing roadkill will benefit their community. The second potential way is to make people aware of specific hazardous areas by use of signage, rumble strips or lighting. The third potential way is to slow traffic physically or psychologically, using chicanes or speed bumps. There are three categories of altering wildlife behavior. Primary methods discourage wildlife from loitering on roadsides by reducing food and water resources, or by making the road surfaces lighter in color which may make wildlife feel more exposed on the roadway.
Second are methods of discouraging wildlife from crossing roads, at least when cars are present, using equipment such as ultrasonic whistles, reflectors, and fencing. Third are mechanisms to provide safe crossing like overpass , underpasses and escape routes. In the US, an estimated 1. Collisions with large animals with antlers such as deer are particularly dangerous, as the animal's head has a tendency to separate and come through the windshield , [ citation needed ] but any large, long-legged animal e. Dusk and dawn are times of highest collision risk. The recommended reaction to a large animal such as a moose is to slow down in lane, if at all possible, and to avoid swerving suddenly, which could cause loss of control.
Acoustic warning deer horns can be mounted on vehicles to warn deer of approaching automobiles, though their effectiveness is disputed. In regions where squirrels , rabbits , birds , or other small animals are plentiful, a tire-flattened one is a common sight on roadways. Motorists have caused serious accidents by trying to swerve or stop to avoid a squirrel in the road.
There is very little a driver can do to avoid an unpredictably darting squirrel or rabbit, or even to intentionally hit one.
The suggested course of action is to continue driving in a predictable, safe manner, and let the small animal decide on the spur of the moment which way to run or fly; the majority of vehicular encounters end with no harm to either party. Although strikes can happen at any time of day, deer tend to move at dawn and dusk, and are particularly active during the October—December mating season , and also during late March and early April, in the Northern Hemisphere.
Penguins , for example, are common roadkill traffic victims in Wellington, New Zealand , due to their skin color and the fact that they come ashore at dusk and leave again around dawn, making it hard for drivers to see them. Night time drivers should reduce speed and use high beam headlights when possible, to give themselves maximum time to avoid a collision. Furthermore, the glare of oncoming vehicle headlights can dazzle some species, such as rabbits; they will freeze in the road rather than flee. It may be better to flash the headlights on and off, rather than leaving them on continuously while approaching an animal.
Wildlife crossings allow animals to travel over or underneath roads. They are most widely used in Europe, but have also been installed in a few US locations and in parts of Western Canada. As new highways cause habitats to become increasingly fragmented, these crossings could play an important role in protecting endangered species. In the US, sections of road known to have heavy deer cross-traffic will usually have a warning sign depicting a bounding deer; similar signs exist for moose, elk, and other species. In the American West , roads may pass through large areas designated as " open range ", meaning no fences separate drivers from large animals such as cattle or bison.
A driver may round a bend to find a small herd standing in the road. Open range areas are generally marked with signage and protected by a cattle guard. The sensor's detection distance ranges from feet to unlimited, depending on the terrain. The removal of trees associated with road construction produces a gap in the forest canopy that forces arboreal tree dwelling species to come to the ground to travel across the gap. Canopy crossings have been constructed for red squirrels in Great Britain, colobus monkeys in Kenya, and ringtail possums in Far North Queensland, Australia.
Installation of the canopy crossings may be relatively quick and cheap. Banks, cuttings and fences that trap animals on the road are associated with roadkill. Escape routes may be considered as one of the most useful measures, especially when new roads are being built or roads are being upgraded, widened or sealed. In the New Forest , in southern England , there is a proposal to fence roads to protect the New Forest pony. Removing animal carcasses from roadways is considered essential to public safety. Local governments and other levels of government have services that pick up dead animals from roadways, who will respond when advised about a dead animal.
New York City has an online request form which may be completed by residents of the city. In Toronto , Canada, the city accepts requests to remove a dead animal by telephone. Roadkill can be eaten, and there are several recipe books dedicated to roadkill.
Roadkill - Wikipedia
The practice of eating animals killed on the road is often derided, and some people consider it not to be safe,  sanitary, or wholesome. For example, when the Tennessee legislature attempted to legalize the use of accidentally killed animals, they became the subject of stereotyping and derisive humor. The song describes an encounter with a roadkilled opossum and includes the lyric, "Your end is the road. Roadkill is sometimes used as an art form. Several artists use traditional taxidermy preparation in their works whilst others explore different artforms.
International artist Claudia Terstappen photographs roadkill  and produces enormous prints which see the animals floating eerily in a void.